This indicator pertains to the active interaction between researchers and societal parties in networks, made visible in partnership projects, contract research, user agreements and other forms of knowledge-sharing.
This involves (long-term) interaction between academic research and societal groups, stakeholders and users of research products and knowledge. It is closely associated with other evidence, described above, demonstrating that societal groups are making use of research products and knowledge.
Practice shows that this indicator can be made visible, for example, via network visualisations.
Reasoned indicator, as part of narrative.