Designs for professional users


This indicator refers to designs conceived of as documented and scientifically argued propositions, in texts or visuals, that can be verified, criticised and refuted. The purpose of such a design is to systematically conceive and develop solutions in a wide variety of domains, from architecture to restoration to educational theory to sociology, focusing on interventions and their effects. If categorised as such, they are meant to be used by specific societal groups active in fields of work related to the research field. 



This indicator pertains to products for education, professional practice, occupational and industrial associations, policy sectors, professional media, amateur researchers, and so on. Specific examples include designs for the conservation and restoration of artefacts, or teaching methodology designs.

Designs may qualify as hybrid if they are meant not only for peers but also for professional and/or general users. If this is demonstrably the case, then these results are included under the output indicators in Cell 1, Research products for peers. They can be reported a second time here in the narrative, where there is an opportunity to explain the interaction and/or interweaving of scientific/scholarly and societal impact and relevance so typical of the humanities. 



This indicator can be operationalised using various criteria to demonstrate – with arguments – the importance of the products. The criteria are:

  • innovative nature
  • complexity and scale
  • reach/applicability
  • role of research unit and/or researchers in producing the output 



Reasoned indicator, as part of narrative.