Articles and reviews in professional journals


An article written by one or more authors about a specific theme or idea and based on research, in a journal meant to be read by specific societal groups active in fields of work related to the research field. This includes reviews, defined here as critical appraisals that place what are often multiple research products, such as books, edited volumes or exhibitions, in a broader context while referencing other products.



This indicator pertains to products of relevance for education, professional practice, occupational and industrial associations, policy sectors, professional media, amateur researchers, and so on. Specific examples include articles in professional journals meant for teachers, civil servants, the museum sector, journalists, archaeological societies, and so on.


Articles may qualify as hybrid if they are meant not only for peers but also for professional and/or general readers. If this is demonstrably the case, then these results are included under the output indicators in Cell 1, Research products for peers. They can be reported a second time here in the narrative, where there is an opportunity to explain the interaction and/or interweaving of scientific/scholarly and societal impact and relevance so typical of the humanities.



This indicator can be operationalised using various criteria to demonstrate – with arguments – the importance of the products. The criteria are:

  • innovative nature
  • status/reputation of journal
  • reach/applicability
  • role of research unit and/or researchers in producing the output



Reasoned indicator, as part of narrative.