This indicator refers to designs conceived of as documented and scientifically argued propositions (in text, visuals, tangible objects or in the form of a simulation) that can be verified, criticised and refuted. The purpose of such a design is to systematically conceive and develop solutions in a wide variety of domains, from architecture to restoration to educational theory to sociology, focusing on interventions and their effects.



It is not (yet) possible to assess designs using authorised lists. Evidence for their value and relevance for research communication must therefore be presented in the narrative.

Some designs qualify as hybrid because their users include not only peers but also a societal group. 



This indicator can be operationalised using various criteria to demonstrate – with arguments – the importance of the products. The criteria are:

  • innovative nature
  • complexity and scale
  • reach/applicability
  • role of research unit and/or researchers in creating the design 



Reasoned indicator, as part of narrative.