Classical Studies encompasses a broad domain of specialist and interdisciplinary research focusing on ancient cultures, in particular Ancient Greece and Rome. Research is divided into specialist research focusing on specific language, literature, material culture or era, and interdisciplinary research approached from the vantage point of history, philosophy, linguistics, literary studies, religious studies or the social sciences. That is, for example, the case when it comes to the reception history of instruments of cultural expression from Antiquity. Classical Studies also has interdisciplinary links with other domains, for example history, cultural history, philosophy and literary studies. It actively maintains links with these domains and its research culture consequently displays strong similarities with them, as well as its own specific features. Classical Studies has diverse theoretical approaches and research traditions. The research school OIKOS functions as a network and is responsible for PhD programmes and communication in the domain.
Classical Studies is international in orientation, as evidenced by both its publications and its close international alliances. Research in this domain is also interesting to those beyond the academic community, as can be seen by the interest expressed in translations of ancient texts, cooperation with tertiary and secondary education and museums, and engagement with the business sector. These relationships are shaped by books, lesson packs, articles in journals and essays in edited volumes, websites, exhibitions, theatre and participation in public debates. Communication and cooperation with instructors in secondary education are enormously important, for example with regard to examinations and curriculum development.
Products and communication
- Academic publications often take the shape of books and essays in edited volumes, as well as articles in Dutch and international journals. Many of the products are hybrid in nature and target both academic readers and broad groups of interested general and non-academic readers. Other important products include text editions, commentary, grammars, lexicons (some taking the form of databases) and exhibition catalogues. Manuals and ‘companions’ are other important forms of communication.
- English is the most common language for international publications. Research also includes Dutch-language publications, for example the hybrid journal Lampas. Other common languages are German, French, Spanish and Italian.
- Review processes are important in national and international publications, primarily by means of peer reviews undertaken either internally by the editors or by external referees. That is the case for articles in journals, essays in edited volumes and books.
Processes and strategies
- Communication with non-academic peers, for example teachers, and above all with a broad group of interested persons, is very important. Researchers communicate by producing hybrid journals and books, participating in public debates, developing exhibitions, writing articles in popular periodicals (e.g. weeklies) and literary media, and blogging. Other important communication channels are post-graduate courses and lesson materials for secondary education.
- The most common type of publication is the ‘single-authored publication’, although co-authorships are increasing. In the latter case, authors are generally listed in alphabetical order. Single-author publications are the rule when it comes to books (monographs), which have a lengthier production time.
Domain-specific aspects of quality and relevance
The most common valorisation-relevant media are hybrid books and journals, exhibitions, public debates, blogs, lesson material (both online and offline), articles in popular periodicals (e.g. weeklies) and literary media, and databases (e.g. dictionaries).
Relevance of indicators for products
The OIKOS panel has authorised various publication channels for journals and books. Because Classical Studies is by nature multidisciplinary, no distinctions are made between specialisms or other target groups or disciplines not associated directly with Antiquity (e.g. linguistics). That is another reason why indicators authorised by other panels are also relevant in this domain. Link to lists
Relevance of quantitative indicators for use and marks of recognition
Bibliometric indicators such as citation analyses are not useful, even if based on Google Scholar. That is because many of the publication channels are not indexed and because reference practices are too diverse.